Nationally Determined Contributions

Aimed at strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, Parties to the UNFCCC adopted the Paris Agreement in 2015. Under the Agreement Article 4.9, Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are communicated by Parties every five years. NDCs cover efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change by achieving the long-term goal of limiting temperature increase to 1.5° Celsius above pre-industrial levels as defined in Article 2 of the Paris Agreement. GCA NDC analyses aim to track the NDC process and identify countries' improvement areas and technical support needs. The assessment focuses on the adaptation component and complements recent syntheses of NDCs by the UNFCCC secretariat (UNFCCC, 2021) and the Climate Vulnerable Forum. Further information about the Climate Vulnerable Forum can be found here
ND-GAIN Country Vulnerability Score